November 28, 2011
Toyota City, Japan—Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) will display a production prototype of the “86” compact rear-wheel-drive sports car, scheduled for launch in the spring of 2012, at the 42nd Tokyo Motor Show 2011.
TMC and Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. (which own the Subaru brand) worked together to develop the 86 as a unique rear-wheel-drive vehicle. The 86 features the world’s first horizontally opposed D-4S engine, created by combining Subaru’s engine technology with Toyota’s cutting-edge D-4S direct injection technology.
The engine is installed middle front to establish the world’s only horizontally opposed engine and rear-wheel-drive package. The engine location helps to keep the centre of gravity close to the road. The transmission is available as a six-speed manual transmission or a special sports-driving six-speed automatic.
The D-4S, with separate twin injectors for both direct injection and port injection, boasts a high compression ratio of 12.5. This provides high output and high torque over a wide range of engine speeds and contributes to improved environmental performance. The engine’s maximum allowable speed exceeds 7000 RPM, with a maximum output of 200 horsepower (PS). The engine still realizes fuel efficiency and environmental performance rivaling that of a 2-litre engine.
The car can carry 4 people, or the rear seat fold down to make room for four sports wheels or two golf bags.